Low back pain, or LBP, is described by 2014 ICD 10 (International Classification of Diseases) as „acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous sprains and strains, intervertebral disk displacement, and other conditions”. The condition is quite frequent, and it may affect up to 40% of all people during their life.
Like any chronic pain syndrome, chronic low back pain affects all the aspects of the patient’s life and therefore it is crucial to treat it both, medically and emotionally.
The treatment of the LBP covers a wide array of therapeutic plans, from pain medication, antidepressants and muscle relaxants to surgical procedures. Alternative medicine therapies might help, too. The more complex the treatment plan is, the higher are the chances fora faster recovery.
Changing the lifestyle, aiming towards becoming more active, strenghtening the abdominal and back muscles and losing weight can alleviate the symptoms and can also prolong the pain-free interval.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy can help many people with LBP, as cited in medical articles archived in the National Library of Medicine. Its efficacy can be explained through usage of reinforcement to reduce undesirable behaviors, accceptance of condition and associated symptoms, identification and correction of negative thinking and behaviors and changing the individual response to pain.